About Felt

Anthropologists have found artifacts of felted materials dating back  to 500 BC , making it one of the oldest fabrics known to man. Since felt is not woven and does not require a loom. It is made using heat, moisture and pressure to mat and interlock the fibers.  Since it is strong and  water resistant felt was perfect for making tents, clothing and saddles. Legend has it that felt was created by accident, when a monk stuffe

d his sandals with fibers  to make them more comfortable. He discovered that the combination of perspiration and ground dampness, coupled with pressure from his feet matted these fibers together and produced a cloth. 

WET FELTING

IS A TECHNIQUE THAT USES heat, moisture, and agitation to turn loose wool fibers into densely matted felt materials. Good hand-made felt takes a great deal of time to make. It starts by layering hundreds of thin wisps of fiber to a desired thickness , wetting them down with soapy water and compressing them by hand. This wool sheet is then rolled up in bubble wrap or thermal wrap and rolled for quite some time, in order to get the fibers hopelessly entangled with each other. Once the fibers have locked together and are relatively stable,  the felt can then be strengthened and thickened by the addition of hot water and more vigorous agitation like kneading and throwing. After working it for a lot more time , the fibers shrink further and eventually you end up with a new material- felt.
 

NUNO FELTING

Nuno felting is somewhat  similar to  traditional wet felting but produces very different results.  By manipulating a minimum amount of wool through  a fine base weave fabric , often silk, a felted fabric with characteristics quite different from traditional felt occurs. Nuno felt is lightweight  with drape and flexibility . It can be a highly textured piece of fabric with many exciting variations. Nuno felt  lends itself perfectly for making fine garments.